What Causes Throbbing Tooth Pain That Comes And Goes?

A throbbing tooth pain that comes and goes away may indicate tooth damage. Cavities might also cause toothache. If your tooth or teeth are infected, or the surrounding gums are impacted, the chances are that you will experience throbbing tooth pain. This article will explain the symptoms and some of the leading causes of toothache.

Symptoms Of Tooth Pain

  • redness
  • fever
  • foul smell and taste in the mouth
  • white fluid oozing
  • swollen mouth or gums
  • persistent dull ache
  • severe pain on biting
  • aching jaw
  • sensitive teeth
  • discomfort when eating anything sweet

Tooth pain doesn’t come to specific gender or age. In case you or any of your family members are experiencing a severe toothache, you should immediately visit an emergency dentist near you. Your dentist will thoroughly carry out a dental exam and an x-ray to determine the actual cause of your toothache.

Here are five causes of throbbing tooth pain that comes and goes.


One of the most common causes of toothache is tooth decay or dental cavity. This happens due to the damage inflicted on the tooth enamel by the bacteria. Mouth bacteria are common and part of a healthy body. However, an excessive amount of sugar on the teeth produces a colony of bad bacteria that can eat away the hard enamel layer of the tooth and cause pain.
Some bacteria produce acids leading to cavities or holes in the teeth. To know if you have tooth decay, look for black, brown, or white spots on your teeth.

Dental Trauma

Throbbing tooth pain can also be a result of a tooth fracture. A fracture is a crack in the tooth caused by biting hard food or due to a vehicle accident. A fracture in the tooth develops overtime and worsens. The opening in the tooth due to fracture can accumulate food debris, bacteria, air, water that can cause infection in the pulp or nerves, leading to severe tooth pain.


Gingivitis is a gum infection that can cause gum disease – the leading cause of adult tooth loss. Below are some causes of gum infection.

  • genetics
  • diabetes
  • smoking
  • poor oral hygiene routine
  • unbalanced diet
  • certain medications

Gum infection can cause bacteria to accumulate around the tooth’s roots, leading to infection in the gum tissue that can make your teeth hurt.

Damaged filling

Biting forcefully or something hard or even biting or chewing normally can damage your dental filling and cause sharp tooth pain.


Grinding or clenching your teeth is known as bruxism and mostly happens while sleeping. A person may grind or clench their teeth due to over-developed jaw muscles or stress. Sometimes genetics can also result in bruxism.

Bruxism can cause throbbing tooth pain that comes and goes and can give you painful gums and jaw. Grinding and clenching your teeth can cause your tooth to wear away, leading to tooth decay, toothache, and fractured teeth.

Schedule your appointment

If you wish to learn more about the causes of radiating tooth pain that comes and goes and ways to find relief from throbbing tooth pain, contact us at (281) 251-7770.


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